Source code for apache_beam.runners.interactive.display.pipeline_graph

# Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
# contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file distributed with
# this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
# The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
# (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
# the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.

"""For generating Beam pipeline graph in DOT representation.

This module is experimental. No backwards-compatibility guarantees.

# pytype: skip-file

import collections
import logging
import threading
from typing import DefaultDict
from typing import Dict
from typing import Iterator
from typing import List
from typing import Tuple
from typing import Union

import pydot

import apache_beam as beam
from apache_beam.portability.api import beam_runner_api_pb2
from apache_beam.runners.interactive import interactive_environment as ie
from apache_beam.runners.interactive import pipeline_instrument as inst
from apache_beam.runners.interactive.display import pipeline_graph_renderer

# pylint does not understand context
# pylint:disable=dangerous-default-value

[docs]class PipelineGraph(object): """Creates a DOT representing the pipeline. Thread-safe. Runner agnostic.""" def __init__( self, pipeline, # type: Union[beam_runner_api_pb2.Pipeline, beam.Pipeline] default_vertex_attrs={'shape': 'box'}, default_edge_attrs=None, render_option=None): """Constructor of PipelineGraph. Examples: graph = pipeline_graph.PipelineGraph(pipeline_proto) graph.get_dot() or graph = pipeline_graph.PipelineGraph(pipeline) graph.get_dot() Args: pipeline: (Pipeline proto) or (Pipeline) pipeline to be rendered. default_vertex_attrs: (Dict[str, str]) a dict of default vertex attributes default_edge_attrs: (Dict[str, str]) a dict of default edge attributes render_option: (str) this parameter decides how the pipeline graph is rendered. See display.pipeline_graph_renderer for available options. """ self._lock = threading.Lock() self._graph = None # type: pydot.Dot self._pipeline_instrument = None if isinstance(pipeline, beam.Pipeline): self._pipeline_instrument = inst.PipelineInstrument( pipeline, pipeline._options) # The pre-process links user pipeline to runner pipeline through analysis # but without mutating runner pipeline. self._pipeline_instrument.preprocess() if isinstance(pipeline, beam_runner_api_pb2.Pipeline): self._pipeline_proto = pipeline elif isinstance(pipeline, beam.Pipeline): self._pipeline_proto = pipeline.to_runner_api() else: raise TypeError( 'pipeline should either be a %s or %s, while %s is given' % (beam_runner_api_pb2.Pipeline, beam.Pipeline, type(pipeline))) # A dict from PCollection ID to a list of its consuming Transform IDs self._consumers = collections.defaultdict( list) # type: DefaultDict[str, List[str]] # A dict from PCollection ID to its producing Transform ID self._producers = {} # type: Dict[str, str] for transform_id, transform_proto in self._top_level_transforms(): for pcoll_id in transform_proto.inputs.values(): self._consumers[pcoll_id].append(transform_id) for pcoll_id in transform_proto.outputs.values(): self._producers[pcoll_id] = transform_id default_vertex_attrs = default_vertex_attrs or {'shape': 'box'} if 'color' not in default_vertex_attrs: default_vertex_attrs['color'] = 'blue' if 'fontcolor' not in default_vertex_attrs: default_vertex_attrs['fontcolor'] = 'blue' vertex_dict, edge_dict = self._generate_graph_dicts() self._construct_graph( vertex_dict, edge_dict, default_vertex_attrs, default_edge_attrs) self._renderer = pipeline_graph_renderer.get_renderer(render_option)
[docs] def get_dot(self): # type: () -> str return self._get_graph().to_string()
[docs] def display_graph(self): """Displays the graph generated.""" rendered_graph = self._renderer.render_pipeline_graph(self) if ie.current_env().is_in_notebook: try: from IPython import display display.display(display.HTML(rendered_graph)) except ImportError: # Unlikely to happen when is_in_notebook. logging.warning( 'Failed to import IPython display module when current ' 'environment is in a notebook. Cannot display the ' 'pipeline graph.')
def _top_level_transforms(self): # type: () -> Iterator[Tuple[str, beam_runner_api_pb2.PTransform]] """Yields all top level PTransforms (subtransforms of the root PTransform). Yields: (str, PTransform proto) ID, proto pair of top level PTransforms. """ transforms = self._pipeline_proto.components.transforms for root_transform_id in self._pipeline_proto.root_transform_ids: root_transform_proto = transforms[root_transform_id] for top_level_transform_id in root_transform_proto.subtransforms: top_level_transform_proto = transforms[top_level_transform_id] yield top_level_transform_id, top_level_transform_proto def _decorate(self, value): """Decorates label-ish values used for rendering in dot language. Escapes special characters in the given str value for dot language. All PTransform unique names are escaped implicitly in this module when building dot representation. Otherwise, special characters will break the graph rendered or cause runtime errors. """ # Replace py str literal `\\` which is `\` in dot with py str literal # `\\\\` which is `\\` in dot so that dot `\\` can be rendered as `\`. Then # replace `"` with `\\"` so that the dot generated will be `\"` and be # rendered as `"`. return '"{}"'.format(value.replace('\\', '\\\\').replace('"', '\\"')) def _generate_graph_dicts(self): """From pipeline_proto and other info, generate the graph. Returns: vertex_dict: (Dict[str, Dict[str, str]]) vertex mapped to attributes. edge_dict: (Dict[(str, str), Dict[str, str]]) vertex pair mapped to the edge's attribute. """ transforms = self._pipeline_proto.components.transforms # A dict from vertex name (i.e. PCollection ID) to its attributes. vertex_dict = collections.defaultdict(dict) # A dict from vertex name pairs defining the edge (i.e. a pair of PTransform # IDs defining the PCollection) to its attributes. edge_dict = collections.defaultdict(dict) self._edge_to_vertex_pairs = collections.defaultdict(list) for _, transform in self._top_level_transforms(): vertex_dict[self._decorate(transform.unique_name)] = {} for pcoll_id in transform.outputs.values(): pcoll_node = None if self._pipeline_instrument: cacheable = self._pipeline_instrument.cacheables.get(pcoll_id) pcoll_node = cacheable.var if cacheable else None # If no PipelineInstrument is available or the PCollection is not # watched. if not pcoll_node: pcoll_node = 'pcoll%s' % (hash(pcoll_id) % 10000) vertex_dict[pcoll_node] = { 'shape': 'circle', 'label': '', # The pcoll node has no name. } # There is PipelineInstrument and the PCollection is watched with an # assigned variable. else: vertex_dict[pcoll_node] = {'shape': 'circle'} if pcoll_id not in self._consumers: self._edge_to_vertex_pairs[pcoll_id].append( (self._decorate(transform.unique_name), pcoll_node)) edge_dict[(self._decorate(transform.unique_name), pcoll_node)] = {} else: for consumer in self._consumers[pcoll_id]: producer_name = self._decorate(transform.unique_name) consumer_name = self._decorate(transforms[consumer].unique_name) self._edge_to_vertex_pairs[pcoll_id].append( (producer_name, pcoll_node)) edge_dict[(producer_name, pcoll_node)] = {} self._edge_to_vertex_pairs[pcoll_id].append( (pcoll_node, consumer_name)) edge_dict[(pcoll_node, consumer_name)] = {} return vertex_dict, edge_dict def _get_graph(self): """Returns pydot.Dot object for the pipeline graph. The purpose of this method is to avoid accessing the graph while it is updated. No one except for this method should be accessing _graph directly. Returns: (pydot.Dot) """ with self._lock: return self._graph def _construct_graph( self, vertex_dict, edge_dict, default_vertex_attrs, default_edge_attrs): """Constructs the pydot.Dot object for the pipeline graph. Args: vertex_dict: (Dict[str, Dict[str, str]]) maps vertex names to attributes edge_dict: (Dict[(str, str), Dict[str, str]]) maps vertex name pairs to attributes default_vertex_attrs: (Dict[str, str]) a dict of attributes default_edge_attrs: (Dict[str, str]) a dict of attributes """ with self._lock: self._graph = pydot.Dot() if default_vertex_attrs: self._graph.set_node_defaults(**default_vertex_attrs) if default_edge_attrs: self._graph.set_edge_defaults(**default_edge_attrs) self._vertex_refs = {} # Maps vertex name to pydot.Node self._edge_refs = {} # Maps vertex name pairs to pydot.Edge for vertex, vertex_attrs in vertex_dict.items(): vertex_ref = pydot.Node(vertex, **vertex_attrs) self._vertex_refs[vertex] = vertex_ref self._graph.add_node(vertex_ref) for edge, edge_attrs in edge_dict.items(): vertex_src = self._vertex_refs[edge[0]] vertex_dst = self._vertex_refs[edge[1]] edge_ref = pydot.Edge(vertex_src, vertex_dst, **edge_attrs) self._edge_refs[edge] = edge_ref self._graph.add_edge(edge_ref) def _update_graph(self, vertex_dict=None, edge_dict=None): """Updates the pydot.Dot object with the given attribute update Args: vertex_dict: (Dict[str, Dict[str, str]]) maps vertex names to attributes edge_dict: This should be Either (Dict[str, Dict[str, str]]) which maps edge names to attributes Or (Dict[(str, str), Dict[str, str]]) which maps vertex pairs to edge attributes """ def set_attrs(ref, attrs): for attr_name, attr_val in attrs.items(): ref.set(attr_name, attr_val) with self._lock: if vertex_dict: for vertex, vertex_attrs in vertex_dict.items(): set_attrs(self._vertex_refs[vertex], vertex_attrs) if edge_dict: for edge, edge_attrs in edge_dict.items(): if isinstance(edge, tuple): set_attrs(self._edge_refs[edge], edge_attrs) else: for vertex_pair in self._edge_to_vertex_pairs[edge]: set_attrs(self._edge_refs[vertex_pair], edge_attrs)